Planning for Instruction

General Competency Seven.  The teacher candidate plans instruction based upon knowledge of subject matter, students, the community, and curriculum goals.

Principle 7.  Language teachers plan instruction based on their knowledge of the target language and cultures, learners, standards-based curriculum, and the learning context.


(Please note the Teacher’s Perspective that follows each goal.)


GOAL ONE:  Communication in Languages Other than English

Standard 1.1 Students engage in conversations, provide and obtain information,  express feelings and emotions, and exchange opinions.

Standard 1.2 Students understand and interpret written and spoken language on a variety of topics.

Standard 1.3 Students convey information, concepts, and ideas to listeners and readers for a variety of purposes.

GOAL ONE  (Teacher’s perspective):  It is important to provide a variety of opportunities for students to use the target language.  The basis of each Lesson Plan should be communication.  Whether that’s providing a context for vocabulary and grammar, or developing strategies for research, within every Lesson Plan there is the need to encourage the students to use the language.

I believe providing authentic input from a variety of sources, combining authentic texts (websites/newspapers/magazines/ads/videos/audio), teacher supplied texts (texts written by the teacher endeavoring to provide students material on exactly their level), and textbook based texts (which the teacher screens and modifies to be appropriate for the lesson plan) is of utmost importance

Each Lesson Plan developed by the teacher needs to take into consideration what the goals for learning are, what the objective for the student is, and how these goals and objectives meet the needs of the student and fulfills the standards of Language Teaching.

GOAL TWO:  Gain Knowledge and Understanding of Other Cultures

Standard 2.1 Students demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the perspectives and practices of cultures studied and use this knowledge to interact effectively in cultural contexts.

Standard 2.2 Students demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between the perspectives and products/contributions of the cultures studied.

GOAL TWO  (Teacher’s perspective):  As the teacher is choosing texts and contexts for the Lesson Plan, she should take into consideration what culture lessons can be learned from the texts.  To learn a language effectively, it needs to be broadened from simply being a communication code for memorization, to include details of the history and culture of that language.  It is these details of context that enable the students to acquire the language and be able to use and understand it on its own, without filtering it through L1 (their first language).

GOAL THREE:  Connect with Other Disciplines and Acquire Information.

Standard 3.1 Students reinforce and further knowledge of other disciplines through foreign languages.

Standard 3.2 Students acquire information and perspectives through authentic materials in the foreign languages and within the cultures.

GOAL THREE (Teacher’s perspective):  Teachers of foreign languages not only can but should include information from other disciplines.  As the intention of learning a foreign language is acquiring the ability to communicate in that language, students need real-world tasks as bases for the language they are learning.  Reading about history or culture in a second language provides the opportunity to activate background knowledge and interconnect their studies.  Language is not learned in a vacuum.  By using information from other disciplines, the language learner has the opportunity to utilize their background knowledge in that discipline, as well as expand on it, and  at the same time, they are able to utilize the language skills they are acquiring.

By offering the students authentic information, their acquisition is enriched with a broadened perspective of the world.

GOAL FOUR: Develop Insight into the Nature of Language and Culture

Standard 4.1 Students recognize that different languages use different patterns to communicate and can apply this knowledge to their own language.

Standard 4.2 Students recognize that different cultures use different patterns of interaction and can apply this knowledge to their own culture.

GOAL FOUR (Teacher’s perspective):  Probably what the majority of students will gain from their attempt to acquire a second language is the realization that their first language is not the only way to communicate.  Some will never be able to communicate in the second language, but if their perspective is broadened to include the reality that there are other cultures and other ways of doing things, and perhaps they will be led to at least consider, if not question the why of why they do things.  The motivation is not to change viewpoints, but to encourage students to evaluate.

GOAL FIVE: Participate in Multilingual Communities at Home and Around the World

Standard 5.1 Students use the language both within and beyond the school setting for a variety of purposes.

GOAL FIVE  (Teacher’s perspective):  As a teacher, this is my goal.  I want to open options for students.  I want them to learn skills that they can use to improve their lives.  I want for them to realize that they can open the doors to the places they want to go.  By learning a second language, the numbers of doors that are available to them has increased both at home and abroad.  I love to observe people expanding their horizons, and I would be honored if my actions could be a help to others.


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