How do we teach students how to speak in different situations without hurting their sense of pride? With higher level students you could have them keep a journal for 1 week in which they have to analyze 5 conversations/day(different people but in any language). You could have them think about greetings, vocabulary used, what they talked about, etc. Have them compare journals in groups and discuss similarities and differences. Then present to the class. This would be a good way to introduce register and have them then make a presentation about how they speak to different people and/or in different situation in their language. Students should start to realize that cultures and people are different. You could then explain that in some situations their language could be misunderstood(for example, people from other countries are not taught creoles or English variations). It is good to have different ways of speaking to improve communication.
You can also show a video using a vernacular or creole and ask how many people could understand it. Then they would be on the opposite side and might see the importance of using different language in different situations.
Phrasal Verbs from Jared: A great way to introduce phrasal verbs is to write the words, make, put, take, get, look, and pick(additional words okay) on separate pieces of paper. In groups students would be given one paper and be asked to write any phrases that use their word, after a short time limit the papers are passed around and the processed repeated as time permits. You are going to get some collocations, phrasal verbs, prepositional phrases, incorrect use of the verb(do play baseball), some misunderstandings (take on is opposite of take off instead of put on) etc. But that’s okay it will give you a starting point and give them practice with other collocations.
From Carrie (in response to Jared’s post): I really like this technique Jared. The students most likely even the younger ones, have had already many experiences with this phrasal verbs and will be able to generate their own examples that you can then take on and explain. Having them work in groups will make the activity interesting and they can help each other brainstorm ideas.
So far, my ELL teaching experience has been just one on one, but I think I could adapt the idea and the two of us together could generate some lists, and then go through them and analyze what we already know and together “investigate” for patterns.